Designated Country or Territory | Canada ends the DCO Practice
Canada ends its Designated Country of Origin list
The Government of Canada removes the list of Designated Country of Origin in order to establish a fair, fast and final asylum system. Canada has decided to improve its existing asylum system further by repealing the DCO policy on May 17, 2019.
According to the Canadian Government, all previously listed nations under the designated country of origin list is removed in order to cancel DCO measure. The former policy had been introduced in 2012.
According to the DCO rule, candidates asking asylum from the 42 countries were previously subject to many restrictions. These limitations included a 6-month block on work permits, a bar for the appeals at the Refugee Appeals Division. Also, regufee claimants from DCO countries had limited access to the Interim Federal Health Program.
According to Canada, the Designated Country of Origin policy could not meet its goal which was intended to discourage abuse of the asylum system which, in turn, would process refugee claims faster for those countries.
In addition, during the implementation of the rule, a number of Federal Courts ruled that the certain provisions of DCO policy did not meet the requirements of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
The Canadian Government’s Official Website states that the removal of the countries from the DCO list demonstrates the policy change in Canada. Accordingly, the annulment of the policy does not reflect any change in country conditions in any of the countries which were previously added into the list.
Please note that changes made on DCO policy do not impact the Canada-US Safe Third Country Agreement which came into effect on December 29, 2004.
What is a designated country?
A designated country is the one which is considered that do not normally produce refugees and respects humans rights and freedoms and also offer state protection.
According to now-repealed Designated Country of Origin, there are countries in the world that it is less likely for an individual to be persecuted for his or her political, religious and etc. views compared to other countries. Similarly, when the Canadian Government processes the asylum claims from these countries, it is revealed that these people actually do not need any protection contrary to what they have claimed. Additionally, the country spends too much time and its resources to review all these groundless regufee claims.
What does a designated country mean?
A designated country means that an asylum seeker from the country does not actually need protection since the country s/he comes from is considered to be safe. In addition, the Canadian Government reviews refugee claims from designated countries faster.
The DCO policy was aimed to process the applications of genuine refugee applicants faster while making sure that those who claimed insubstantial requests dismissed quickly.
Please note that all qualified regufee claimants, regardless of the country they come from, still have a hearing at the independent IRB.
List Of Designated Countries Canada (DCO Canada)
- Czech Republic
- Israel (excludes Gaza and the West Bank)
- New Zealand
- San Marino
- Slovak Republic
- South Korea
- United Kingdom
- United States of America